Ghana: Country Facts and Statistics
Ghana has several tourist attractions such as the slave castles and the canopy walk over the rain forest to the southwest. Additionally, the largest artificial (manmade) lake in the world, Lake Volta, is located in southeastern Ghana. The discovery of oil in recent years in the Gulf of Guinea is causing much international interest in Ghana as an important oil producer and exporter.
Currently the country’s economy is dominated by agriculture, which employs about 40 percent of the working population.
Ghana is one of the leading exporters of cocoa in the world. It is also a significant exporter of commodities such as gold and lumber. Ghana has an estimated population of 24 million, drawn from more than one hundredÂ ethnic groups. The major ethnic groups in Ghana include the Akan, Ewe, Mole-Dagbane, Guan, and Ga-Adangbe - each with its own unique language. English, however, is the official language, a legacy of British colonial rule.
Ghana shares boundaries with Togo to the east, Cote d’Ivoire to the west, Burkina Faso to the north and the Gulf of Guinea, to the south; only a few degrees north of the Equator.
total: 238,533 sq km
land: 227,533 sq km
water: 11,000 sq km
Slightly smaller than Oregon
Tropical: warm and comparatively dry along southeast coast; hot and humid in southwest; hot and dry in north
Standard Time Zones of the World
Half of the country lies less than 500 ft) above sea level, and the highest point is 2,900 ft. The coastline is mostly a low, sandy shore backed by plains and scrub and intersected by several rivers and streams, most of which are navigable only by canoe. This area, known as the “Ashanti,” produces most of the country’s cocoa, minerals, and timber. North of this belt, the country varies from 300-1,300 ft above sea level and is covered by low bush, park-like savanna, and grassy plains.
Some of the information included is courtesy of:
The World Factbook